He grieves, He knows, He is eternal, He encourages, He gives understanding, He gives peace, He comforts, He directs, and He can be prayed to. The term God as found in the translations of the Old and New Testaments is frequently identified with the Holy Spirit. The Spirit of Holiness (Rom 1:14), the Holy Spirit (Matt 1:20), and the Holy One (1 John 2:20) is our sanctifier. The many aspects revealed speak of His infinite Person, equal in power and glory with the Father and the Son. An interesting reference is John 3:34, speaking of the Spirit as not being poured out “by measure” on Christ. Two approaches are possible for the doctrine of the attributes of the Spirit. In the tabernacle, the pure olive oil which kept the lamp burning continually in the holy place speaks eloquently of the ministry of the Holy Spirit in revelation and illumination, without which the showbread (Christ) would be unseen in the darkness, and the way into the holiest of all would not be made plain (Exod 27:20-21). The terms cannot be reversed. Oil played an important part in the sacrifices (Lev 1-7). There is only one God and He is the third divine person of the Trinity. It must be admitted that the study of His Person is never complete without the complement of the revelation of His Person in His works. While personification of things material and immaterial is common, such uses of the personal pronouns are quite obvious and do not cause confusion. The proper statement of the doctrine is that the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, as the Son proceeds from the Father. In the case of Christ, His eternal generation involved the work of the Son which was accomplished in time, fulfilling the covenant of redemption. The essential of mind or intelligence is further confirmed by His works. On the part of the Holy Spirit, the eternal procession of the Spirit issued in the ministry which ensued. So, unseen by the natural eye, He may be observed in what He does. The attributes of omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11) is evidence of the existence of mind and intelligence on a plane of deity. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). As a division of the doctrine of the Trinity, it affirms that the Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity, the same in substance and essence, and equal in power, eternity, and glory. Accordingly, it is of great significance that this title is given the Holy Spirit. Some Pentecostal denominations which use the KJV still speak of the Holy Ghost. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 2. Shedd states that though the Socinians deny the personality of the Spirit they affirm the eternity of the Spirit as proceeding from the eternal God: “Socinians deny the distinct personality of the Holy Spirit; they concede eternity, because they regard the Spirit as the influence or effluence of the eternal God.”1 Centuries before, Arius had much the same idea, affirming that the Spirit did not have personality, as Watson indicates, “His personality was wholly denied by the Arians, and he was considered as the exerted energy of God.”2 Arius, however, denied the eternity of the Spirit, making him a creature. Q. The Nicene Creed, for instance, states: “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and Son together, is worshipped and glorified.”9 The Athanasian Creed speaks of it more briefly, “The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son, neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.”10 In more recent times, the Articles of the English Church state the doctrine: “The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.”11 The Westminster Confession of Faith has a similar statement: “In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. The Greek word which is rendered "spirit" means "breath" and though the Holy Spirit as a Person does not come out distinctly in this early reference to Him in Gen. ii.7, nevertheless, this passage interpreted in the light of the fuller revelation of the New Testament clearly refers to the Holy Spirit. The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. In Luke 24:49, Christ told His disciples to tarry in Jerusalem until “ye be endued with power from on high.” The word translated endued is ἐνδύσησθε, which literally means, to clothe. The descriptive adjective holy is used to distinguish Him from other spirits, which are creatures. Blasphemy in its nature is an act against deity. (1) It may be noted that the Holy Spirit possesses the essential of mind or intelligence. O ne of my favorite things to do is to look in the Bible for things that have many names. The reference is to the work of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. His movements are not governed by human will. This is just one more piece of Scriptural evidence that the Holy Spirit has all of the divine attributes and abilities of God Himself and as such, has to be God and Lord Himself. In the nature of the case, every discussion of any portion of either the Person or work of the Holy Spirit has a bearing on the doctrine of His personality. All agree that the term Jehovah is a title of deity. It is a fundamental revelation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, in the sense that the Father is a Person, and the Son is a Person. On the day of Pentecost, in connection with the work of the Spirit on that occasion, “tongues like as of fire” touched each of the believers (Acts 2:3). Twice in the New Testament the Holy Spirit is connected indirectly with wind (John 3:8; Acts 2:2). He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More. Scripture describes the Holy Spirit in personal terms, not as an impersonal force, when it says that He teaches, guides, comforts and intercedes. The field of typology is rich, and has been unfortunately ignored by theologians. The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity–equal with the Father and Son in essence. Water in the form of dew may be taken to indicate the refreshing work of the Spirit in the midst of spiritual darkness (Gen 27:28; Hos 14:5). It is the believer’s privilege ever to be in the presence of God. While the doctrine of procession is more theological than Biblical, it is in harmony with the Scriptures as will be seen later, and an important evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. Define ‘holy spirit’ as used in the Bible. No human mind can improve on these distinctions, even if it be admitted that the terms are inadequate to comprehend all the truth which they represent. At least seventeen of His titles indicate the divine attributes of His Person. While there is some distinction in meaning in the various titles, the chief significance is to bring out the relationship of the Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity, all affirming His deity and procession. Another instance of such association is found in the apostolic benediction recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14. Here are some KJV Bible verses on this topic. To this end, this article will constitute another voice testifying to the fact that the study of the Persons of the Trinity is foundational to all theological truth. He is called the Spirit of truth ( John 16:13 ) and our Advocate ( John 14:26 ). In the former instance it is significant of eternal life in abundance; in the latter case, it indicates the unending blessings flowing from His Person and work, the meaning made clear by the use of the term, rivers of living water. The Spirit of Truth (John 14:17) has a similar idea. The second line of proof in the Bible of the personality of the Holy Spirit is that many acts that only a person can perform are ascribed to the Holy Spirit. It is the only case in the New Testament where it is so used. (4) Omniscience belongs to the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:10-11), and (5) omnipotence, as illustrated in His work of creation (Gen 1:2). Since one of the major aspects of God’s nature is that he is a person, it follows that the Holy Spirit is a person. Another clear instance of identification of the Holy Spirit and God is found in Acts 5:1-4, where the sin of Ananias against the Holy Spirit is said to be a sin against God. A seal by its nature indicates (1) security, (2) safety, (3) ownership, (4) authority. If it can be proved that the Holy Spirit proceeded eternally from the Father and the Son, it is evident that the Holy Spirit is of the Essence of God and is God. John 16:13 - Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he … The question is if the Holy Spirit is a Person why can’t we talk to Him. F. E. Marsh adds to these suggestions that (5) “Among men a seal signifies a finished transaction”; (6) that the seal constitutes a mark of recognition; (7) that the seal implies secrecy and (8) obligation; and that “the seal leaves an impression upon the wax which corresponds to it,” i.e., is evidenced in the life of the believer.24 It is an evidence of the grace of God that such assurance should be given the believer in this age. In a discussion of the Person of the Holy Spirit, few writers will claim any large degree of originality. It reveals the Holy Spirit as one who is always ready to help the Christian. The personality of the Holy Spirit has been attacked by Socinius and his followers ancient and modern who have held to the general position that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal energy proceeding from God… Locate examples of ‘holy spirit’ in Bible verses. According to the Scriptures, it is possible to sin against the Holy Spirit (Isa 63:10); grieve Him (Eph 4:30); reverence Him (Ps 51:11); and obey Him (Acts 10:19-21). For we do not know what to pray for … Once such thing – Person, is the Holy Spirit.There are some amazing titles of the Holy Spirit. 2 Corinthians 3:17. In several instances, however, the masculine pronouns are found (John 15:26; 16:13, 14). It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. Men may influence, but only God can sanctify. His works indicate intelligence, knowledge, and the normal functions of personality. The Spirit is, first and foremost, God’s personal presence. F. E. Marsh illustrates it in this manner: ”‘All things are ours,’ not as to actual or full enjoyment, but as to possession or security; just as a child who is heir to property left to him, and is allowed a certain part of it until he becomes of age, when he may enter into and enjoy the whole, is assured the property is none the less his, although he has not come into full possession.”22. In the New Testament, the references to the Holy Spirit are even more numerous. It may be concluded that the reference to fire in connection with the day of Pentecost had in view the sanctification and preparation for fellowship and service necessary for the ministry that lay ahead. The inconsistency of this position drove Arius and his followers finally to renounce completely the personality of the Spirit, and, as Hodge points out, no further attempt in this direction has been made since. Receiving the Holy Spirit – Bible verses about the baptism of the Holy Spirit “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. The significance of the singular points to the fact that the final name of God is, “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is essential to the Triune God. The sum of this revelation is such that it constitutes conclusive evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. The use of name in the singular is worthy of note. It is a fundamental revelation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, in the sense that the Father is a Person, and the Son is a Person. In harmony with this is the Bible’s general usage of “holy spirit” in an impersonal way, such as paralleling it with water and fire. Another instance of identification of Jehovah and the Holy Spirit is found in Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:15. The use of clothing as a figure to reveal spiritual truth is prominent in Scripture as evidenced in other connections in Scripture (2 Cor 5:3; Eph 4:24; 6:11-17; Col 3:10, 12; 1 Thess 5:8; Rev 19:8, 13, 14). 23 Cf. (6) Spirit of Life affirms the eternal life of the Spirit (Rom 8:2). The most obvious difficulty with the view of the Greek Church is that the Holy Spirit is operative in the Old Testament, and the procession was then a fact (Ps 104:30). (1) The work of the Holy Spirit in creation by its very nature could be accomplished only by one who is God (Gen 1:2). (5) Spirit of Glory connotes His glory as being the same as the Father and the Son (1 Pet 4:14). 18 Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, p. 483. (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. Rather than describing the Holy Spirit as a distinct person or entity, the Bible most often refers to it as and connects it with God's divine power (Zechariah 4:6 Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, said the LORD of hosts. I mean when I don’t understand anything when reading the bible I normally would say Holy Spirit I really don’t understand this can you enlighten me … Expressions like the breath of his lips (Isa 11:4), and the breath of his nostrils (2 Sam 22:16) in reference to God, while anthropomorphisms, connote the power of the Spirit. It is necessary, therefore, to allow the context to determine the meaning of the word in all of its occurrences. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. While the variations in the views of doctrine on the Person of the Holy Spirit have been many, the great body of orthodox and conservative theology has held to the personality of the Spirit, the proofs of which may be here considered. Q. As Christ became an obedient Son in doing the Father’s will, so the Holy Spirit in procession became obedient to the Father and the Son. They seem to bear no special relation to chronology, as they appear chiefly in Isaiah (750 B.C. Random Bible Verse For the word of God is alive and active. ), and in the books of Moses. He states that the first visit of the dove is significant of the visit of the Holy Spirit during the patriarchal and prophetic ages, vainly seeking a godly seed (Mal 2:15). No other mention is made of them in the New Testament, but the Old Testament reference is more frequent. The third outgoing of the dove is typical of the present ministry of the Holy Spirit in redemption.20, The accepted meaning of ἀρραβών, translated earnest in its three occurrences in the New Testament (2 Cor 1:22; 5:5; Eph 1:14), is that of a pledge or token payment. Without denial of the one Essence of the Godhead, the personality of the Holy Spirit must be affirmed and is subject to proof unassailable by any who accept the Scriptures as authoritative. Another title of the Holy Spirit, which does not involve the name spirit, however, is that of Comforter, from παράκλητος, meaning, according to Thayer, when used in its widest sense. The attribute of grace is found in two titles, (16) Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and (17) Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). For the sake of analysis, however, His Person will be considered first, with reference to His work only where necessary, leaving to later discussion the aspects of His work throughout the ages. The references in the Old Testament are manifold in that the very word for Spirit is variously translated wind, breath, air, blast, etc., as well as spirit. (2) The work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration (John 3:6) likewise is clearly in the realm of a work of God. But it is possible to discern that each of the inspired writers has caught some special aspect of the Holy Spirit’s person or work, which is reiterated in his pages. The very character of His works makes it impossible to interpret the Scriptures properly without assuming His personality. In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. No valid reason may be found for this except as indicating His personality. Five of the titles of the Holy Spirit refer to some extent to Him as the author of revelation and wisdom: (10) Spirit of Wisdom (Exod 28:3; Eph 1:7); (11) Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding (Isa 11:2); (12) Spirit of Counsel and Might (Isa 11:2); (13) Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2); (14) Spirit of Truth (John 14:17). Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart. The several instances point to details of the confirming evidence. The King James Version (KJV) of the Bible, first published in 1611, uses the term Holy Ghost, but every modern translation, including the New King James Version, uses Holy Spirit. … The abundance in which water has been created gives rise to a variety of meanings. (3) The ministry of the Holy Spirit in effecting the sanctification of the believer is another illustration (2 Thess 2:13). From these several identifications, an inescapable conclusion is reached of the deity of the Holy Spirit. An extensive argument for the deity of the Holy Spirit is found in His works, the extended study of which will be the subject of later discussion. That it is used typically in reference to the Holy Spirit is clear from John 4:14; 7:38-39. In the Old Testament, however, רוח is used over one hundred times for the Holy Spirit. Talking and praying is the same thing isn’t it. In this frequently quoted verse, the Persons of the Trinity are displayed in all their equality, and accorded equal honor. The remaining lines of evidence are even more important. On the occasion of Pentecost, a “sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind” was heard. According to Young’s Concordance, there are one hundred and seventy-five references to oil in the Old Testament and a dozen instances in the New Testament, the most notable being Matthew 25:3-8; Hebrews 1:9; James 5:14. Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. His presence is of great significance, entirely apart from His ministries. God is a mysterious reality. Accordingly Hodge states, “Since the fourth century his true divinity has never been denied by those who admit his personality.”5 In the fourth century Arius held originally according to Watson6 that the Spirit was created and hence affirmed in part His personality without affirming His deity. The ministry of the Third Person is accomplished in His own power and gives testimony to His eternal deity and glory, but it is accomplished on behalf of the Father and the Son. A comparison of Scriptures often reveals an association of the Persons of the Trinity in terms which infer equality of association. The attributes of the Holy Spirit demand His personality. International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. In the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are related on an equal basis. A study of the references to the Holy Spirit by various titles in Scripture will reveal some significant facts. But although he can not lose the thing itself, he can very easily lose the enjoyment of it, the experience and power of it. As the Holy Spirit possesses life, personality is necessary. 2 Theological Institutes, Vol. Of what is the Spirit the Earnest? The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. It is clear that if the Holy Spirit is God, He is also a person. The early creeds of the Christian church gave attention to the proper statement of it. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Unsaved World, 6. 4) The Holy Spirit is a distinct Person within the Godhead, not a force, a thing, or an “it” Qualities that a person has…(a force or thing does not) 1) The Holy Spirit has intellect. To many people, the Holy Spirit is an enigma. As Charles Hodges states: “He is introduced as a person so often, not merely in poetic or excited discourse, but in simple narrative, and in didactic instructions; and his personality is sustained by so many collateral proofs, that to explain the use of the personal pronouns in relation to Him on the principle of personification, is to do violence to all the rules of interpretation.”3 The Greek of the New Testament is quite explicit in confirming the personality of the Holy Spirit by use of the pronouns. The type is nowhere explained in Scripture. The third verse above on the Holy Spirit is showing that the Holy Spirit is omnipresent, which means that He is everywhere at all times. 1 Cor 3:13). The Spirit of wisdom (Eph 1:17), the Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding, the Spirit of Counsel and Might, the Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2) speak of the several ministries of God in teaching, guiding and strengthening the saint. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. The revelation of the Scriptures, the theological discussion of the Christian centuries, the many publications on the subject, however brief and limited in their treatment of the subject, have summed a total of theological literature which very few can exceed in a lifetime of study. The Spirit as one who manifests grace is revealed in the titles, Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and the Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). 4. It is necessary to attack the inspiration of the Scriptures themselves to disturb the overwhelming evidence contained therein on this subject. It is used to represent the written Word (Eph 5:26). The use of the masculine form, ἐκεῖνος, makes the personality of the Holy Spirit clearly the intent of the passage. Many of the titles referred to as indicating His attributes also connote His works. Though Christ may be said to have proceeded from the Father, it cannot be said of the Spirit that He is generated. A comparison of Isaiah 6:8-9 and Acts 28:25 will reveal that the Jehovah of Isaiah is the Holy Spirit of Acts. The very nature of procession points to its eternity. The Scriptures explicitly affirm that the Holy Spirit exercises a moral and sovereign will comparable to that of the other Persons of the Trinity. Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. Neither of these ideas lines up with what the Bible actually says about the Holy Spirit, though. fire, Matt 3:12). The Bible describes the Holy Spirit as a person who has been present with the Father and the Son since before time began. They were to be clothed with power. Cummings notes that the Pentateuch has fourteen references, none in Leviticus, that Isaiah and Ezekiel have fifteen each, and that the references are scattered throughout twenty-two of the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament.14 The concise summary of Cummings on the significance of these references may well be quoted: “It is impossible to say that the passages increase in number, or in clearness, with any special characteristic of the books of Scripture. Whenever his difficulties come between his heart and the Lord, he is evidently not enjoying the Lord’s presence, but suffering in the presence of his difficulties.-Selected. His sovereign purposes may not be understood, but it is clear that all is according to an infinite plan. The identification of God and the Holy Spirit is further illustrated by the fact that blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is declared by Christ to be unpardonable (Matt 12:31-32). We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. The plan of consideration directs attention to the Person of the Holy Spirit to the exclusion of His work. From the various uses, and from the nature of wind itself, it may be inferred that as a type of the Spirit, wind indicates His power, His invisibleness, His immaterial nature, and His sovereign purpose. Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. 1. First, every pronoun used in reference to the Spirit is “he” not “it.” The original Greek language of the New Testament is explicit in confirming the person of the Holy Spirit. This subordination without detracting from the eternal glory and divine attributes which characterized all three Persons is illustrated abundantly in the Scriptures (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). The personality of the Holy Spirit has been attacked by Socinius and his followers ancient and modern who have held to the general position that the Holy Spirit is an impersonal energy proceeding from God. From the explicit revelation of the attributes of the Holy Spirit, it may be concluded that His deity is given further evidence against which no argument could stand. Hence, the Holy Spirit is accorded the same honor, position, and ministry as the other members of the Trinity. 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